Uffizi Gallery copy
Artist unknown, late 3rd century B.C.E.
Uffizi Gallery, Florence, Italy
Found in Rome near the gate of St. John Lateran in April, 1583, the statue was restored with the wrong heads. The statue was acquired by Cardinal Ferdinando de Medici in 1677 and placed in the Tribune room in the Uffizi Gallery in Florence, Italy. The Uffizi Gallery was the world's first art museum founded in 1581 by the wealthy De Medici family of Florence. Although I have not found documentation yet, the US Wrestling Hall of Fame claims the artist was Cephisodotus. They have a green marble copy in their collection, see their images here.
The IISOH will purchase a bronze copy made from a mold of this statue.
The PANKRATION (Greek) was a sport in the ancient Olympic Games that combined wrestling with boxing. Many writers have incorrectly interpreted this sport as a brutal fight to the death. This is not true. Death from this sport was so rare that it is well documented in the ancient Greek literature. The most famous story described an athlete who died and yet he was declared the winner because his opponent signaled defeat just moments before death. Victory in the pankration was attained when the opponent signaled defeat. Because of this need to admit defeat the Spartans refused to participate in this Olympic event. The Latin word for the PANKRATION is Pancratium and you will frequently find this mis-spelled as Pancration. PANKRATION is pronounced as PAN - KRAT - EON.
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International Institute for Sport History (IISOH)
PO Box 175
State College, PA, USA 16804
Mr. Harvey Abrams, President