International Institute for Sport History
Library & Museum
attn: Harvey Abrams
PO Box 732
State College, PA, USA 16804

Due to the COVID pandemic these pages have not been updated until January 2023, please report broken links

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How to Use the Directory

Compiled and edited by Harvey Abrams, BS, MAT, Ph.D/abd
Olympic Games & Sport Historian, President IISOH

This National Olympic Committee Directory was originally created by Harvey Abrams in 2005 and was hosted at as a public service. All the NOC pages were permanently relocated to the IISOH web site at in August, 2017.

The NOC Directory consists of four (4) pages of information about the Olympic Movement. The information changes often because new NOC's are created and sometimes cease to exist. Every nation that participates in the Olympic Games is included in this Directory.

The IISOH is not affiliated with any Olympic Committees nor with any sport organizations. The IISOH Library & Museum is an independent non-profit educational, literary and research corporation. The IISOH maintains this site as part of its mission to increase public awareness and appreciation in the arts and humanities as it relates to history of sport, physical education, recreation, dance, sport in art and the Olympic Games through a wide variety of educational programs and publications.

These pages contain much more than just Olympic material, such as addresses and contacts. We include short sections on history, politics, economics, culture - all those forces that can have an effect upon people, sports and the Olympic Games. Forces can bring people together in sport - or keep them apart via boycotts and wars. The Olympic Games reflect what is happening in the world at that time.

These pages list all 206 National Olympic Committees (NOC's) that are recognized by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) as of December 2022. See the IOC website here. The number of NOC's will periodically vary by one or two when a National Olympic Committee is suspended for some violation according to the controlling party - the International Olympic Committee (IOC).

The IOC is headquartered in Lausanne, Switzerland and is the sole "owner" and controlling body of the Olympic Games. It was created in 1894 by French Baron Pierre de Coubertin.

The Kuwait Olympic Committee was suspended October 27, 2015 but was reinstated in 2019. The Guatamala Olympic Committee was suspended in October 2022 and remains suspended.

Each of the four pages in this Directory offers a different way of studying the Olympic Movement as well as the history of sport in general.

    PAGE 1 instructs you how to use this site. You are here now

    PAGE 2 lists all the NOC's in alphabetical order in American English.

    PAGE 3 lists the NOC's in five (5) separate lists according to the region of the world in which they are located. This is useful when you are studying REGIONAL sport such as the PAN AMERICAN GAMES or the ASIAN GAMES.

    PAGE 4 List all the NOC's with their contact information and more. It has an enormous amount of information that will be frequently updated. If your computer is slow then it may take awhile to load. Page 4 will never be completed - it will be revised continuously as each NOC makes changes, such as a change of address, telephone number or other data.

    Because Page 4 will be enormous and it will eventually be sub-divided to be made more efficient for your use. Eventually page 4 will be an alphabetical list with a linked page to the NOC of that country. Each NOC will have its own page with links to that nation's entire sport structure. Therefore page 4 will eventually be the "portal" to over 200 more comprehensive pages. We are working on that in the winter of 2022 and all of 2023.

Here is the website of the International Olympic Committee (IOC)
with their list of 206 National Olympic Committees in two different formats,
one is alphabetical in English, the other is alphabetical in French.
The two (2) official languages of the International Olympic Committee are English and French,
so all IOC documents, pages, etc. are available in both languages.

Harvey Abrams
How to do Research & How to identify Bias in research

I am an Olympic Games and Sport historian by training. My short biography can be read here. Briefly: I am a health and physical education teacher with a BS, MAT and Ph.D/abd. I have not completed my doctoral dissertation, so I am not "Doctor." The "abd" above stands for "all but dissertation." My background includes a wide variety of fields including art and architecture, history, photography, psychology, business, law and others. I am a retired athlete (freestyle wrestling) and wrestled in college (Penn State) and tried out for four US Olympic Wrestling teams (1972-1984). I have also been a wrestling coach and referee.

I originally hosted these pages on my book business web site (Harvey Abrams-BOOKS) as an educational service to the public. I am the founder of the IISOH and transferred these pages to the IISOH in January 2016 to be permanently part of the Institute's educational mission. In the near future the IISOH research staff will be responsible for the regular maintenance, revisions and corrections to these pages. The staff and volunteer researchers will be recognized and their names will be added as contributors.

It is important to me -- and to you -- that I (and all future researchers for the IISOH) remain neutral in preparing information for worldwide use. Many factors can cause a bias in the preparation of material. Knowing this can help you to be a better researcher. Knowing about the writer(s) can help you to understand, and hopefully avoid, any bias.

For example: if you read about the 1972 Munich Olympic Games from an American history book you will have a certain perspective or point of view. You may find a very different version of the same events if you read a German, French or Chinese book -- assuming that you can read those languages. The more controversial a subject becomes -- the more bias you will find in different sources of information. Each party that writes will have some type of bias - so you should always use multiple sources of information in order to determine accuracy and truth.

When studying the Olympic Games you will find that several major forces have influenced events. From the first Olympics in Athens in 1896 to the current selection of host cities and the addition of new sports -- the Olympic Games are influenced by politics, economics, history, culture, bias and prejudice.

For example -- if you study the taking of athletes from Israel as hostages (and their eventual death) at the 1972 Munich Olympic Games -- you will find differing accounts of what happened and different perceptions on the after-effects. Should the Games have been cancelled? Should the Germans have had more sharpshooters at the airport? Did the Germans allow or prohibit Israeli agents from assisting? What was the reaction in the Muslim world? Should there be memorials or a "moment of silence" in memory of the dead athletes at every Olympic Games? After fifty years these questions are still being asked and strong emotions are still expressed by different parties.

Keep in mind that I am American -- so I bring a certain bias from my own nationality. We Americans -- as a nation -- are less formal than many European and Asian cultures. We are perceived as "child-like" or "immature" by some observers. Americans tend to have a "silly smile" much of the time, and are usually very friendly, informal and outgoing. Compare this to the reserved British personality, the pursed Prussian (German) lip or the formality of Oriental society.

Americans are aggressive -- they/we -- like to fight. The entire world watches -- and usually enjoys -- American television and film, much of which is action-oriented and violent; car chases, fighting, shootouts and blood all over the place, lol. And gun-happy, everyone owns a gun! No, not true, about 33% of Americans own guns.

Americans are generally very conservative -- there are very few nude beaches like the ones on the French Riviera. Many people are afraid to be naked in a sports facility taking a shower. In a nation of over 330 million people, there cannot be more than a dozen adults who have had the courage to talk to their children about sex. You will never find a naked lady on the cover of an American magazine, but if you shop in Germany or France there are dozens of naked images on popular magazines.

Americans are a nation of spectators with a growing obesity problem. Our professional sports of baseball, football, basketball and hockey dominate the sports pages which are filled-in with college football, basketball and some local school news. But you will rarely read about soccer -- the most popular sport in the rest of the world. It would be difficult to find a partner to kick around a soccer ball.

And Americans are rich -- at least everyone thinks so! Americans are always trying to make more money. But there is a significant American population that is very poor. There is a huge middle class dividing the extremely wealthy from the extremely poor. And the extreme wealthy - well, they are usually famous like Bill Gates and Warren Buffet and Donald Trump. Athletes make millions and sometimes tens of millions of dollars. The salary of some athletes is staggering. However the reality is that this is a dream for most people, and unfulfilled dream. We are a nation of incredible diversity and basically no-one on earth really understands Americans. Not everyone is rich or fat or violent or riding a horse.

As a teacher I have lived in Germany for five years and I found the perception of German 8th graders to be very enlightening. They widely believed that every American had a big house, 2 cars in the garage and a horse. This is news to almost all Americans - especially about the horse. In reality there are about seven million horses in the USA, with over 330 million people. Yet the vast majority of horses are owned by less than two million Americans, so actually 1 out of 165 Americans own a horse. In reality - most Americans have never even seen a real horse except on television like those German kids. Understand that "perception" can be different than "reality."

Be aware that I have allowed my sense of humor (that's humour for you British Commonwealth people) -- to creep into some of my comments -- usually about the English language. Also, we Americans can be self-deprecating - it is part of our sense of humor/humour. I have tried to keep my sentences simple so communication would be easy. Misunderstandings happen when communication fails. SO - you should learn to read and speak proper English the Philadelphia way - we "tawk right" and you "tawk funny," lol.

Throughout my career I have been a physical education teacher, freestyle wrestler, coach, referee, graphic artist, photographer, researcher, writer, consultant, and publisher. I speak more than one language and have lived in Pennsylvania, Missouri, Florida and West Berlin, Germany and Vienna, Austria. Since 2016 I am living in both the USA and central Europe, dividing my time between Vienna and other cities such as Berlin and Prague.

To conclude, in preparing these pages for your research use -- I have tried to be neutral (I call it being "more Swiss than the Swiss"). I gather information from the best possible sources to be used on these pages. Rarely will a personal web page make it here -- I prefer first hand sources such as Olympic committee, government, university and other scholarly sites.

I examine all sources and links myself and only include those that I consider to be excellent. This is my opinion -- you might disagree. Permission to disagree with me is GRANTED -- however -- there is a penalty! If you disagree with me... then you will be fined and owe me a tin of chocolate cookies, delivered to me via the IISOH address.Tschuss.

If you wish to contact me or the staff at the IISOH -- please send an email to this address:

My advice -- Be very cautious when you surf the world wide web for your information and projects-- there is a lot of garbage out there!

Additional Sources:
  1. Readings from different educators on bias in research; Using Primary Sources...more
  2. Video on YouTube about historical Bias
  3. Video on YouTube about how Germans perceive Americans

Alphabetical List in English, with abbreviations

This page is a simple list that includes all NOC's in alphabetical order by country name in ENGLISH. If you find similar lists elsewhere on the web they might be listed in order according to the FRENCH spelling of the nation. The International Olympic Committee uses both English and French as their official languages. On this website I am using American English with a Philadelphia accent.

For centuries French France French National Flag was used an an international language for politics and diplomacy but was surpassed by English in the twentieth century after the rise of the United States as a world power. The rivalry between the two languages has existed for centuries because of historical antagonism between France and England (British Empire), their colonies and their royal families. Americans speak a slightly different form of English commonly referred to as American English Flagswhile the British Empire speaks the Queen's EnglishClipart . If you look at websites that have English translations you will find most of the world uses the British flag rather than the American flag. Why? That is a good question! It may -- or may not -- be related to a reaction to American power and influence. It may -- or may not -- be related to the historical teaching of English classes through textbooks from Great Britain rather than the USA. My own point of view -- very personal and very biased -- everyone outside of my hometown -- Philadelphia, Phillyflag.jpg Pennsylvania -- speaks English with a funny accent. :)

And now, to better express my meaning, here are some videos that I found on YouTube that are funny and to the point - that accent and communication can vary widely. In the end it is about "communicating" ideas, meaning and intent.

Misunderstandings are usually caused by the failure to communicate. Make sure that when you write you are communicating CLEARLY your ideas.

NOC's by Continental Association

This page has all 206 National Olympic Committees listed in five sections by their continental association. This is useful if you are studying regional sports and regional celebrations such as the Asian Games or Pan-American Games.

NOC Addresses and contact information

This page is currently HUGE -- all NOC's are listed here with complete details that include addresses, contact information, history, links and more. This page will be revised in order to make each individual NOC a separate linked page. The new page will have links to sports organizations and other information about sport under that NOC's control. This part of the IISOH on-line website will be continuously updated and enlarged by the staff, so visit often.

How to cite this page:

Last name, First Name. Title of page.
Date or latest update of page. Full URL address.
Date you viewed the page.
So, you should cite this page as follows:

IISOH Library & Museum. National Olympic Committee Directory, Page 1.
January 22, 2023.
The date that you viewed this page.

Web pages change frequently -- and sometimes they disappear.
I always put the original date that I created the page PLUS
the date of the most recent updates near the bottom of each page.
You cite this page (and all your sources) so a reader can return
in order to check the accuracy of your work.

LINKS to the other NOC pages....
Page 1 - NOC Directory - Introduction and How to Use the Directory. (You are here now).
Page 2 - NOC Directory - Alphabetical List in English, with abbreviations.
Page 3 - NOC Directory - NOC's by Continental Association.
Page 4 - NOC Directory - NOC Addresses and contact information.

Harvey Abrams, President
International Institute for Sport History
Library and Museum
PO Box 732
State College, PA, USA 16804

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This page was created March 15, 2005
This page was updated on August 20, 2017
This page was updated on November 23, 2017
This page relocated to the IISOH web site at on August 20, 2017
This page was updated on November 23, 2017.
This page was updated on June 27, 2018
This page was updated on August 8, 2018
This page was updated on December 25, 2022
This page wasupdated on January 22, 2023